It's like learning a new language. Once you know it, you can't unknow it.
The brain is given feedback via audio, visual, and tactile stimuli.
The Amereican Academy of Pediatrics lists Neurofeedback as a "Level-1 Best Support" intervention for ADHD.
Neurofeedback is exercise for the brain. It's a safe, non-invasive treatment that teaches the brain to regulate itself and run efficiently.
Brain activity is measured by placing three EEG electrodes on specific areas of the scalp. Nothing comes through the wires .
While the patient is watching a movie or playing a game, neurofeedback software reads specific brainwaves on the EEG and provides negative or positive feedback in three formats: audio, visual, and tactile. Essentially, the feedback allows the brain to witness its own activity.
Rewards and inhibits are applied to the feedback and, through operant conditioning, the brain learns which processing corrections to make (calm down, pay attention) in order to restore the audio, visual, and tactile input to optimal quality. If the brain becomes too aroused or too depressed, negative feedback is produced, which then inspires the brain to make a correction (calm down, pay attention) in order to restore the feedback to normal. Through the back and forth of this dance, the brain learns to perform efficiently.
Neurofeedback responds to syptoms associated with disorders, such as:
Due to the brain's ability to learn and adapt throughout the lifespan (neuroplasticity), neurofeedback can be used for people of all ages.